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By Arnold Hughes

A Political background of the Gambia: 1816-1994 is the 1st whole account of the political heritage of the previous British West African dependency to be written. It uses a lot hitherto unconsulted or unavailable British and Gambian professional and personal documentary assets, in addition to interviews with many Gambian politicians and previous British colonial officers. the 1st a part of the booklet charts the origins and features of recent politics in colonial Bathurst (Banjul) and its growth into the Gambian inside (Protectorate) within the 20 years after international warfare II. by means of independence in 1965, older urban-based events within the capital were defeated by means of a brand new, rural-based political agency, the People's innovative celebration (PPP). the second one a part of the ebook analyzes the skill during which the PPP, less than President Sir Dawda Jawara, succeeded in defeating either latest and new rival political events and an tried coup in 1981. The publication closes with a proof of the dying of the PPP by the hands of a military coup in 1994. The booklet not just establishes these unique features of Gambian political background, but additionally relates those to the broader neighborhood and African context, in the course of the colonial and independence classes.

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114 Ministerial Appointments The PPP hence completed an total majority and Governor Paul duly appointed Jawara as most excellent. at the latter’s suggestion, 8 different ministers have been chosen. Six of those, Sisay, Dibba, Paul Baldeh, Dabo, Daffeh, and Samba, have been PPP MPs and the opposite posts have been stuffed by means of A. B. N’Jie and M’Baki. A. B. N’Jie owed his seat within the cupboard to the PPP’s electoral pact with the DCA and to the shortcoming of expertise among PPP MPs. certainly, Jawara initially meant to nominate either Faye and Garba-Jahumpa as ministers. Following their defeats on the polls, he requested Governor Paul to nominate them as “nominated” MPs in order that they may perhaps then be chosen as ministers, yet Paul thought of that this could infringe the spirit of the structure (if no longer the letter of it) and refused the request. Jawara for that reason submitted a brand new ministerial record 3 days later, which excluded Faye and Garba-Jahumpa, yet contained M’Baki, who used to be most likely incorporated as a sop to the chiefs. Governor Paul approved the options. a hundred and fifteen for this reason, the 1st PPP cupboard contained 5 Mandinka (Jawara, Sisay, Dibba, Dabo, and Daffeh); one city Wolof (N’Jie) and one rural Wolof (Samba)116; one Fula (Baldeh); and one Tukulor (M’Baki). hence non-Mandinka have been extra strongly represented in Jawara’s cupboard than their illustration between PPP MPs merited, a sign that Jawara used to be trying to accommodate non-Mandinka parts in the occasion and to shift the PPP from a Protectorate circulate to a countrywide political occasion, in substance in addition to in identify. institution of the Gambia Congress occasion except the appointment of A. B. N’Jie, the DCA won a couple of different advantages from its alliance with the PPP. Sallah was once rewarded for status apart for Faye in New city West via being appointed (along with T. D. Mallinson, the ecu supervisor of the UAC) as a “nominated” MP on Jawara’s advice. 117 additionally, one other DCA activist, Alieu S. Jack, the executive of the Madi groundnut mill and previous member of the BTC, was once elected speaker of the home with the aid of the PPP; Faye was once despatched to London to go the colony’s Liaison workplace in Britain. 118 however, the co-leader of the Alliance, Garba-Jahumpa, who was once acutely upset that he had back did not safe a seat in Parliament, thought of that he had won little from the electoral pact. annoyed by means of the flip of the occasions, he broke clear of the DCA and based the Gambia Congress occasion (GCP) in October 1962, final as its common secretary until eventually its 156 The “Green rebellion” merger with the PPP in 1968. a few DCA leaders joined the hot celebration, yet such a lot appear to have remained unswerving to the Alliance. 119 The GCP, just like the former GMC, appealed essentially to Muslim Wolof from Bathurst. It was once additionally heavily linked to the GLU, E. F. Small’s outdated union, which used to be now a sour rival of the even more robust GWU. Garba-Jahumpa served as vice chairman of the GLU for a quick interval from September 1962 and used to be succeeded during this put up by way of the GCP’s chairman, A.

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