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Dürer is the best of German artists and so much consultant of the German brain. He, like Leonardo, used to be a guy of impressive actual popularity, nice appeal of demeanour and dialog, and psychological accomplishment, being good grounded within the sciences and arithmetic of the day. His ability in draughtsmanship used to be awesome; Dürer is much more celebrated for his engravings on wooden and copper than for his work. With either, the ability of his hand was once on the carrier of the main minute remark and analytical study into the nature and constitution of shape. Dürer, besides the fact that, had no longer the sensation for summary attractiveness and perfect grace that Leonardo possessed; yet in its place, a profound earnestness, a more in-depth curiosity in humanity, and a extra dramatic invention. Dürer used to be a very good admirer of Luther; and in his personal paintings is the similar of what was once powerful within the Reformer. it's very critical and honest; very human, and addressed the hearts and realizing of the loads. Nuremberg, his native land, had turn into a very good centre of printing and the executive distributor of books all through Europe. for this reason, the artwork of engraving upon wooden and copper, that could be known as the pictorial department of printing, was once a lot inspired. Of this chance Dürer took complete virtue. The Renaissance in Germany was once extra an ethical and highbrow than a creative stream, in part because of northern stipulations. the sensation for perfect grace and wonder is fostered by way of the examine of the human shape, and this were flourishing predominantly in southern Europe. yet Albrecht Dürer had a genius too strong to be conquered. He remained profoundly Germanic in his stormy penchant for drama, as was once his modern Mathias Grünewald, a beautiful visionary and insurgent opposed to all Italian seductions. Dürer, inspite of all his stressful strength, ruled conflicting passions by means of a sovereign and speculative intelligence related with that of Leonardo. He, too, was once at the border of 2 worlds, that of the Gothic age and that of the trendy age, and at the border of 2 arts, being an engraver and draughtsman instead of a painter.

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Qxp 6/21/2007 12/27/2005 10:14 10:10 AM AM PagePage 33 33 24. Portrait d’Elspeth Tucher, vers 1499. Huile sur panneau, 29 x 23 cm. Kassel, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen. 25. Portrait de jeune femme, 1505. Huile sur bois, 26 x 35 cm. Kunsthistorisches Museen, Vienne. 33 PS Durer Fre GER P-OK. qxp 12/17/2005 12/27/2005 10:29 AM 10:10 web page 34 Dürer atteignit son objectif, puisqu’il réussit à faire de nouvelles connaissances parmi les artistes et à échanger avec eux, en plus de ses pensées, toutes les gravures sur cuivre disponibles du hollandais Lucas van Leyden (1494-1533) contre certaines de ses œuvres gravées. En plus, il agrandit le cercle de ses family members en rencontrant des personnalités telles qu’Erasme de Rotterdam (1466 ou 1469 -1536), qu’il dessina de mémoire par los angeles suite, ou des juristes locaux parmi les plus influents, l’astronome Nicolaus Kratzer et même le roi du Danemark Christian II (1481-1559). Lors de ce voyage il fut également le témoin du couronnement de Charles-Quint (1500-1558) en 1519 à Aix-la-Chapelle et de son entrée à Anvers. À Bruxelles, Dürer contempla les trésors d’or arrivés directement du Mexique, mais au lieu de faire connaissance avec une baleine, il dut se contenter d’un morse, dont il figea los angeles tête dans un dessin à los angeles plume et à l’encre rehaussé (Tête de morse, 1521). L’une des pages les plus célèbres de son magazine intime relate son cri de désespoir à l. a. nouvelle de l’enlèvement de Lüther au Wartburg de Leipzig. Dürer n’avait jamais rompu avec l’Église, mais il voyait dans Luther l’homme qui pouvait aider le Christianisme à retrouver los angeles gloire sous los angeles forme des gravures sur bois des Grande et Petite Passions. Dans son magazine de voyage, il figea non seulement les visages de ses compagnons de voyage, les paysages naturels ou urbains, mais aussi certains photos, tels que celui du Barent van Orley (1521) qu’il réalisa au fusain. Après ce voyage, Dürer vécut encore sept années à Nuremberg, années durant lesquelles il continua à créer et se consacra principalement aux snap shots gravés. l. a. commande d’un tableau pour l. a. salle du conseil municipal, sensée représenter l. a. calomnie d’Apelle¹, resta toutefois inexécutée. De même, il ne nous reste de l. a. Crucifixion, d’une Mise au tombeau, d’une Madone avec les anges et d’une grande Vierge à l’Enfant entourée d’anges et de saints que de magnifiques esquisses. Dürer rédigea, sûrement en collaboration avec son ami Pirckheimer, un traité théorique en quatre tomes, dont trois d’entre-eux parurent encore de son vivant, alors que le quatrième fut édité peu après sa mort, portant sur des thèmes tels que los angeles géométrie, l’art des fortifications et les proportions humaines. Parmi les œuvres de gravures sur cuivre de l’époque, on peut citer les pix de L’Électeur Frédéric le Sage (1524), de l’orgueilleux Albert de Brandenbourg (1523), élevé en 1518 au rang de Cardinal, de Philippe Mélanchthon (1526) et de Pirckheimer (1524). Loin de ne se consacrer qu’à los angeles strategy du burin, Dürer revint à los angeles gravure sur bois et à los angeles peinture avec les snap shots du conseiller municipal Jakob Muffel (vers 1521) et Hieronymus Holzschuher (1526).

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